Tuesday, June 11, 2013
10 Fruits and Vegetables Most Contaminated
The use of pesticides as we know (insecticides, fungicides and herbicides) began in the 70s. Forty years later, this has become golden rule and many pesticide residues are found in our food. Recall that according to recent studies , they may cause cancer and present threats to male fertility and fetal development.
Each year, the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) analysis about 70,000 foods to determine their content of pesticide residues. Here's what she found, as summarized in the book of agronomist Claube Aubert, Eating organic is better! :
- The 338 different pesticide residues in vegetables
- 319 in fruits
- 93 in cereals
- 34 in animal products
However, all fruits and vegetables are not housed in the same boat. Among the better-off: onions, shallots and garlic (with only 13.6% of contaminated samples), spinach (24.5%), asparagus and leeks (24.6%) or root vegetables, such as potatoes or radish (26%). Claude Aubert says:
"Most of the pesticides, especially insecticides, are used outdoors. They are deposited on fruits and vegetables through a sprayer. This is why plants growing inside of the earth, such as apples earth, are less likely to be contaminated. "
Unfortunately not all plants grow underground and some are paying the ubiquity of pesticides. This is why Claude Aubert recommends eating organic as much as possible, because some plants in question, the rate of pesticide is divided by 10 if they come from organic agriculture.
"The skin of the fruit is the area where the highest concentration of antioxidants and vitamins. But you can consume if the fruit is organic, as in the rest of the cases, it is also the skin that focus pesticides.'
In terms of the most contaminated fruits and vegetables:
Cucumbers and zucchini
More than a third (37.7%) of cucumbers and zucchini are contaminated, according to the EFSA. But according to Claude Aubert, simply to peel gets rid of much of pesticides. Recall that they are sprayed from outside.
Legumes (peas, beans, lentils, etc.)
Nearly 40% of peas, beans and lentils are contaminated.
Stone fruits (avocado, apricot, mango, etc.)
Warning, this is where it gets very disturbing: more than half of the fruits (54.8%) were carriers of pesticide residues. You should know that these fruits, severely attacked by insects, are the subject of many treatments.
Pome fruit (apples, pears, etc.)
"The apple is extremely attacked by worms and other insects, said Claude Aubert. It is the treated plant in France." Result: 65.2% of the samples of apples and pears, categorized pome fruit, were carriers of pesticide residues.
Peppers, which are also severely attacked by insects, are therefore subject to intensive treatment: two-thirds (66%) would carry pesticide residues, on par with.
About two-thirds of lettuce samples analyzed showed pesticide residues. But why? "The lettuce is grown in greenhouses, which could explain why pesticides do not dissipate in the air," said Claude Aubert. Which would explain why, in the world, the salad is the most contaminated vegetable.
For the same reason the salad, strawberry is also subject to pesticides: 71.3% of samples had residues.
75% of lemons and oranges are carriers of pesticide residues.
75.9% were contaminated raspberries.
Globally, only 73.8% of the grapes to be carriers of pesticides. But in France, they would be more than 81%. "The grape has the dubious record of the number of pesticides used: 26 alone, says Claude Aubert Besides the grape has a real disadvantage. Can not peel like other fruits, while it is on Skin that is deposited as many pesticides.